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Citations & Academic Honesty

Learn about plagiarism, how to avoid it, and how to use citation managers to help with your research!

MLA Handbook

MLA Videos

In-Text Citations Works Cited

MLA Citation Help Online

To find information about MLA style online, try the following links:

Manual Citations - MLA

MLA Citation Format was created by the Modern Language Association of America and is generally used in certain fields in the Humanities, such as Literature and Communications.

In-Text Citations
MLA in-text citations typically contain two pieces of information: Author and Page Number. Like APA, MLA in-text citations are typically found at the end of a sentence in parentheses (Jones, p. 1). However, the author's name can be placed earlier in the sentence. Ex: Jones also says you can place the author and date earlier in the sentence, but the page number must stay at the end of the sentence or thought that is being cited (p. 2).

Full Citations
MLA full citations usually start with the main author's last name followed by the author's first name. Subsequent authors are then listed first name-last name. Then, depending on the type source that is being cited, the citation contains other pieces of information such as the work's title, publisher or journal title, medium of publication or more. Below are general examples of MLA citations for a print book, journal article from a database, and a website:

  • Book:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.

  • Journal Article:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 15.1 (1996): 41-50. Web.

  • Website

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006.