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Citations & Academic Honesty

Learn about plagiarism, how to avoid it, and how to use citation managers to help with your research!

APA Publication Manual & Handbooks

APA Videos

In-Text Citations References - Part 1 References - Part 2

APA Citation Help Online

Manual Citations - APA

In-Text Citations
APA in-text citations typically contain three pieces of information: AuthorDate, and Page Number. Like MLA, APA in-text citations are typically found at the end of a sentence in parentheses (Jones, 2016, p. 1). However, the author's name (and date), can be placed earlier in the sentence. Ex: Jones (2016) also says you can place the author and date earlier in the sentence, but the page number must stay at the end of the sentence or thought that is being cited (p. 2).

Full Citations
APA full citations usually start with the main author's last name, author's first initial and date, which is in parentheses. Then, depending on the type source that is being cited, the citation contains other pieces of information such as the work's title, publisher or journal title, URL or more. Below are general examples of APA citations for a print book, journal article from a database, and a website:

  • Book:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

  • Journal Article:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and  Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

  • Website

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address

Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from